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홈 Introduction Education System Special Education

Special Education

Special Education

Special education provides relative curricula and services (e.g., counseling service, family support, treatment support, assistant personnel support, supplementary technology support, supplementary academic support, etc.) in order to meet the needs of students with diverse types of disabilities and characteristics. Kindergarten, elementary school, middle school, and high school education are compulsory education for individuals with special needs, in which free education is provided to children under three-year-olds as well as those who wish to continue education in a specific major (i.e., individuals with special needs who has a high school diploma and wants to continue studying career and vocation education).

Act on Special Education for the Disabled Persons, Etc.

Enacted in 2008, the Act on Special Education for the Disabled Persons, Etc. aims to provide relative education for individuals with special needs in accordance with one's stage of life, type of disability, and degree of disability, in order to help them realize their dreams and thus contribute to social integration. This law addresses duties with regard to the central government and local governments such as selection and arrangement of recipients of special education and school buildings, and support systems for pre-primary education, primary education, secondary education, and higher education.

Statistics on Special Education in Korea (as of April 1, 2016)

Total Number of Students in Special Education : 87,950

Special Education Schools

- Number of Schools : 170

- Number of Students : 25,467

Special Education Classes in Public Schools

- Number of Classes : 10,065

- Number of Students : 46,645

General Classes in Regular Schools

- Number of Classes : 14,482

- Number of Students : 15,344

Special Education Support Centers

- Number of Centers: 199

- Number of Students : 494

Curriculum for Special Education

Curriculum for individuals who need special education consists of kindergarten curriculum, common curriculum, electives curriculum, and basic curriculum. Kindergarten curriculum, common curriculum, electives curriculum are based on the general education curriculum, and basic curriculum is designed for students who are unable to participate in the general education curriculum.